Published: Sun, February 03, 2019
Medicine | By Tracy Klein

Vaping May Pose Big Risk for Smoking in Otherwise 'Low-Risk' Kids

Vaping May Pose Big Risk for Smoking in Otherwise 'Low-Risk' Kids

The ongoing vaping habit among those in the e-cigarette arm of the study "raises concerns about the health consequences of long-term e-cigarette use", they added, noting that "e-cigarette vapor contains many toxins" though the levels and their effects are generally considered to be lower than those coming from cigarette smoke.

The study team acknowledged, however, that prior research has demonstrated that when nicotine replacement products are paired with prescription medications - such as the nicotine receptor blocker Chantix (varenicline) and/or bupropion one year abstinence rates are the same or higher as the e-cig results.

A major trial involving nearly 900 smokers found that 18 per cent of e-cigarette users had abandoned their habit after a year.

Two new studies of e-cigarettes may bolster the USA government's efforts to stem what it calls a growing epidemic of youth vaping.

A second survey in 2015-2016 assessed how numerous kids had tried either vaping or smoking in the interim. "Anybody who smokes should be switching to e-cigarettes now". Both groups were also given at least a month's worth of weekly counseling sessions.

Just nine percent of those who had quit cigarettes for a year in the nicotine replacement group were still using patches, gum or other substitutes. The researchers said one reason e-cigarettes were found to be more effective may be that they allow for better tuning of nicotine doses to individual needs. In other words, e-cigarettes save lives.

"The UK specialist stop smoking services will now be more likely to include e-cigarettes among their treatment options, and health professionals will feel more comfortable in recommending e-cigarettes as a stop-smoking intervention", said study author Dunja Przulj from Queen Mary University of London.

A major clinical trial which followed 886 people for a year found that 18 per cent of those who switched to vaping successfully gave up smoking compared to 9.9 per cent who turned to products such as patches, gum or lozenges.

British experts said the findings could change the way health care providers talk about e-cigarettes, possibly leading more of them to encourage smokers to try vaping as a way to wean themselves off traditional cigarettes.

A total of 8.6% reported e-cigarettes as their first tobacco product, while 5.0% reported using another non-cigarette product first (3.3% reported using cigarettes first). Study subjects were randomly assigned either electronic e-cigarettes or traditional smoking cessation treatments. "We do think there's something unique about e-cigarettes, and they're being taken up without knowledge of the extent of their consequences".

In a randomized controlled trial, researchers randomly assigned almost 900 long-term middle-aged smokers to either use an e-cigarette kit or nicotine replacement therapy such as lozenges, sprays, patches, or gums.

Findings of a new United Kingdom study have found that e-cigarettes could be an effective smoking cessation tool when accompanied by behavioral support. Those devices have largely been overtaken in the U.S.by Juul and similar devices that have prefilled nicotine cartridges, or pods.

Myers' group is one of several anti-smoking organizations suing the FDA to immediately begin reviewing e-cigarettes.

But he added: 'Given that ecigs may cause some harm when used over many years I would encourage users to think of them as a stop-gap, but they are far better than smoking - ex-smokers should not stop using them if they are anxious they may go back to cigarettes'.

"I tried it for a whole month, but it just wasn't doing it for me, " said Armitage, an audio-visual technician in Washington.

Armitage, who has smoked for 15 years, said he also tried nicotine patches but found they irritated his skin.

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