Published: Sat, January 05, 2019
Sci-tech | By April Francis

China Plans to Launch Spacecraft On Never Explored Side Of Moon

China Plans to Launch Spacecraft On Never Explored Side Of Moon

Speaking of the mission, Tamela Maciel of the UK National Space Centre said: "By landing on the far side for the first time, the Chang'e 4 lander and rover will help us understand so much more about the moon's formation and history".

China's ambitions in space are about to be expanded as it attempts to be the first country to land a rover on the far side of the moon.

The lander and rover will be exploring and study the crater-marker far side of the Moon. Messages to and from the Chang'e 4 will be bounced off China's Queqiao satellite, which is in orbit above the dark side of the Moon.

Chang'e 4 will pick up the work begun by Yutu, the lunar rover of Chang'e 3, which landed on the moon in December 2013. Because the moon rotates on its axis at the same rate it orbits the Earth, only one side of the moon is visible from Earth at all times.

China plans to launch spacecraft on never explored side of moon, exhibiting its developing aspirations as a space capacity to match Russian Federation, the European Union and US.

To facilitate communication between controllers on Earth and the Chang'e 4 mission, China in May launched a relay satellite named Queqiao, or "Magpie Bridge", after an ancient Chinese folk tale. It will carry a robotic lander and rover to the moon's unexplored South Pole-Aitken basin, the largest and deepest impact crater in the solar system.

The CE-4's main goal is to map the region that surrounds the site, determine the structure of the subsurface layers using ground penetrating radar, and get data of the mineral composition at the surface using a near and infrared spectrometer. Using a tool called a Very Low Frequency interferometer it will study the universe at extremely low wavelengths while the moon shields it from Earth's radio noise.

The probe also will carry a tin filled with the seeds of potatoes and arabidopsis, a small flowering plant related to cabbage and mustard, Xinhua reported.

Incorporating U.S. companies is a key principle of NASA's plan to extend human space exploration first to the moon and then to Mars.

According to Carolyn van der Bogert, a planetary geologist at Westfälische Wilhelms University in Münster, Germany, China's mission is definitely a significant and important accomplishment in lunar exploration. The first and second Chang'e missions were created to gather data from orbit, while the third and fourth were built for surface operations. The satellite is flying around a point known as the Earth-Moon Lagrange point at more than 37,000 miles away from the lunar surface.

The trip to the moon will take 27 days after launch. Chang'e 5 will include a lunar lander and a rover that could return to the Earth after collecting samples and performing surveys on the planet's satellite, according to the CLEP.

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