Published: Wed, December 19, 2018
Sci-tech | By April Francis

Chile to Rreplace Brazil as 2019 UN Climate Summit Host

Chile to Rreplace Brazil as 2019 UN Climate Summit Host

Scientists say global emissions need to drop dramatically by 2030 and reach near-zero by 2050 in order to prevent the potentially catastrophic consequences for life on Earth.

The sun sets over buildings in Milan, Italy as the climate change conference, COP24, came to a close.

But to the frustration of environmental activists and some countries who were urging more ambitious climate goals, negotiators delayed decisions on two key issues until next year in an effort to get a deal on them.

But states already dealing with devastating floods, droughts, and extreme weather made worse by climate change said the package agreed in the mining city of Katowice lacked the bold ambition to cut emissions the world needed.

Almost 200 countries overcame political divisions late on Saturday to agree on rules for implementing a landmark global climate deal, but critics say it is not ambitious enough to prevent the unsafe effects of global warming.

And a recent report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, or IPCC, concluded that while it's possible to cap global warming at 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) by the end of the century compared to pre-industrial times, this would require a dramatic overhaul of the global economy, including a shift away from fossil fuels.

Brazil's incoming far-right President-elect Jair Bolsonaro takes office on January 1.

"In Katowice, world leaders failed to adequately address the needs of people suffering from climate change right now, including small island nations and even some US communities who face existential threats".

The adopted guidelines package, called the "rulebook" by some, is created to encourage greater climate action ambition and benefit people from all walks of life, especially the most vulnerable.

The guidelines, known as Paris rulebook, will promote trust among nations that all countries are playing their part in addressing the challenge of climate change.

Until then, it still attends annual United Nations climate talks.

At the COP24 talks, delegates clashed over financing, with poorer countries most affected by climate change demanding recognition of the damage that it causes and long-term financial support.

Last year, the USA announced it woud pull out of the Paris climate pact but can not formally do so until 2020.

Another notable achievement of these negotiations is that nations agreed on how to collectively assess the effectiveness of climate action in 2023, and how to monitor and report progress on the development and transfer of technology.

"The guidelines that delegations have been working on day and night are balanced and clearly reflect how responsibilities are distributed amongst the world's nations", said Espinosa in a press statement.

Ultimately, the negotiations tripped on one key issue which will be back on the table at the next United Nations climate change conference, COP25, set to take place in Chile.

The agreed guidelines mean that countries can now establish the national systems that are needed for implementing the Paris Agreement starting from 2020.

These would allow countries to meet a part of their domestic mitigation goals through the use of so-called "market mechanisms". It will promote worldwide cooperation and encourage greater ambition, it said.

"From now on, my five priorities will be: ambition, ambition, ambition, ambition and ambition". The COP is the formal process under which the Paris accord was negotiated; the Secretary-General's summit scheduled for September is a political gathering that aims to increase leaders' commitment to address climate change as an urgent global challenge.

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