Published: Thu, December 06, 2018
Sci-tech | By April Francis

India 4th Highest Carbon Dioxide Emitter, Emissions May Grow by 6.3 %

India 4th Highest Carbon Dioxide Emitter, Emissions May Grow by 6.3 %

India's emissions look set to continue their strong growth by an average of 6.3 per cent in 2018, with growth across all fuels - coal (7.1 per cent), oil (2.9 per cent) and gas (6 per cent), the study said on Wednesday.

After three years of nearly no growth, carbon emissions from fossil fuels and industry are expected to increase by 2.7 percent in 2018, according to an annual report by the Global Carbon Project, an worldwide scientific collaboration of academics, governments and industry that tracks emissions of greenhouse gases. "But global energy growth, especially in oil, gas and coal, is effectively outpacing de-carbonisation efforts, fuelled by rising coal use and increasing demand for personal transport, freight, aviation and shipping", it said.

"Emissions need to peak and rapidly decrease to address climate change".

And the dust is still settling from US President Donald Trump's decision to ditch the Paris accord.

The COP24 climate summit will see nations try to agree on ways of implementing the promises they made in the 2015 Paris treaty to limit temperature rises to avert runaway global warming.

He has said the accord would damage the U.S. economy.

The 2014-2016 period when global emissions flattened was "really hopeful". The 28 European Union nations will collectively record a decline in emissions by 0.7% as compared to previous year. These regions represent 40 per cent of global carbon emissions.

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"That was very exciting".

The United States will account for 15% of Carbon dioxide pollution in 2018, an increase of about 2.5%.

After several years of little growth, global emissions of heat-trapping carbon dioxide experienced their largest jump in seven years, discouraging scientists. That was one thousandth of the world total of 36,153 million tonnes.

The top four emitters in 2017, which covered 58 per cent of global emissions, were China (27 per cent), the U.S. (15 per cent), the European Union (10 per cent) and India (7 per cent), according to the projection by the Global Carbon Project.

The uncertainty range for the 2.7% increase is 1.8 to 3.7%. "Coal use has slowed markedly in the last few years, potentially peaking, but its future trajectory remains uncertain", the article said.

Poland's Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki speaks at the United Nations' COP24 climate change conference in the southern Polish city of Katowice on Tuesday. Here are the facts.

According to Wednesday's report, the world is producing 37.1 bn metric tonnes of carbon dioxide a year, up from 36.2 bn metric tonnes in 2017.

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