Published: Sun, December 02, 2018
Medicine | By Tracy Klein

Vermont overdose rates rank 22nd in nation

Vermont overdose rates rank 22nd in nation

Life expectancy for the average person in the us dropped slightly in 2017, marking the second time in recent years that USA life expectancy has fallen, according to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Tragically, this troubling trend is largely driven by deaths from drug overdose and suicide", said CDC director Robert Redfield.

Life expectancy in the United States dropped yet again as drug overdose deaths continued to climb - taking more than 70,000 lives in 2017 - and suicides rose, a U.S. government report said today.

Life expectancy was 78.6 years in 2017, down from 78.7 years in 2016, the CDC said. For additional context, In 1999 the death rate for drug overdoses among men was around 8 in every 100,000 individuals. In years past, reductions in heart disease deaths were enough to serve as a counterbalance to other causes of death, but that is no longer true, Anderson said.

"There has been an assumption at times that overdoses fit into one of two categories: they're intentional or they're unintentional", she says. "After three years of stagnation and decline, what do we do now?" asked S.V. Subramanian, a professor of population health and geography at Harvard's T.H. Chan School of Public Health.

But Sharfstein, a former secretary of health in Maryland, said the heroin numbers reveal that fentanyl is pushing that drug out of the illicit market in some places.

One major factor is drug overdoses. Meanwhile, death rates increased for suicide, stroke, diabetes, flu/pneumonia, chronic lower respiratory diseases, Alzheimer's, and unintentional injuries.

People born in the USA last year can expect to live until they are 78.6 years, a decrease of 0.1 years from the previous 12 months. The total number of suicide deaths was the highest in a half century and up more than 2,000 from 2016. Since 2008, it has ranked as the 10th leading cause of death for all ages in the US.

U.S. Life Expectancy Dropped for the Third Year in a Row. Drugs and Suicide Are Partly to Blame
Suicides, opioid overdose deaths push US life expectancy lower

The primary group that saw jumps in their death rates were white Americans ― a 0.6 percent jump for white males and 0.9 percent for white females, according to the CDC. Some of the states in those regions-Kentucky, Tennessee, and New Mexico, for instance-also face notably higher mortality rates for drug overdoses, when compared to a CDC map released earlier this year. The 2017 report is the third in a row to show a decline in life expectancy.

Suicide rates also continued a worrying rise. By comparison, only about 17,000 people died of overdoses in 1999, the earliest year for which the CDC offered data Thursday.

Overall, suicides increased by a third between 1999 and 2017, the report showed.

Most alarming is that suicide rate in the most rural counties in the now 1.8 times the rate in the most urban counties: with the rate in most rural counties at 20.0 per 100,000, and in the most urban at 11.1 per 100,000.

According to the Associated Press, the suicide rate in America has reached a 50-year peak.

"We are starting to see more people dying as a result of using cocaine that has fentanyl cut into it", Levine said.

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