Published: Fri, November 30, 2018
Medicine | By Tracy Klein

Despite progress, new HIV diagnoses in Europe 'alarmingly high'

Despite progress, new HIV diagnoses in Europe 'alarmingly high'

Most new cases in the former Soviet Union in 2017 were from heterosexual sex as the disease spreads beyond high-risk groups, according to research by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control.

With over 130 000 new HIV diagnoses in 2017, the eastern part of the Region observed a rate of increase of 68% in 2008-2017, compared with 95% in 2007-2016.

New infections of HIV have dropped by 16 percent since 2010, and 47 percent since the crisis was at its peak in 1996, when 3.4 million people across the world were diagnosed.

The rate in the East - 51.1 new cases diagnosed per 100,000 people - was "disproportionately higher" than in the West, which had a rate of 6.4 new cases per 100,000 people, the reportfound. Injecting drugs and heterosexual intercourse are the most common reasons for the transmission of the disease in this region.

EU and European Economic Area countries have seen new HIV infections drop, from 6.9 per 100,000 in 2016 to 5.8 per 100,000 a year ago.

The overall trend suggested the European region would not achieve the United Nations target of eliminating HIV/AIDS by 2030.

Mrs Tallen said the board would continue to play a leading role in the advocacy required, including for the creation of greater fiscal space for HIV especially at the state level where the needs are greater. "This means investing wisely in prevention, testing and treatment particularly in key populations to end the AIDS epidemic as we promised".

MP portraits
Lloyd Russell Moyle has been diagnosed with HIV

"The results of this survey will improve our understanding of the Nigerian HIV epidemic and provide more accurate and reliable data for planning and decision making".

Dr. Zsuzsanna Jakab, WHO Regional Director for Europe, called the figures "unacceptably high", adding that the region is "not on course to meet the 90-90-90 standards by the 2020 deadline". This allows rapid linkage to care and immediate start of antiretroviral treatment for those tested positive and wider uptake of evidencebased prevention such as pre-exposure prophylaxis.

The secretary-general said that 30 years after the first World AIDS Day, the response to HIV now stands at a crossroads.

"Policies that reduce social marginalisation, stigma and discrimination are needed as are increased funding for prevention and testing", Pozniak said in a statement.

Pozniak reiterated that there could be a shift in who is affected most by HIV in Russian Federation.

Federal Minister National Health Services Aamer Mehmood Kiani said that government was committed to making honest efforts for increasing the access to and uptake of HIV preventive and treatment services by engaging with all stakeholders to promote HIV awareness and minimise stigma and discrimination against the disease.

In Canada, it remains a criminal offence not to disclose one's HIV-positive status in consensual sex if a condom is not used.

Like this: