Published: Thu, October 04, 2018
Sci-tech | By April Francis

Nobel Prize in chemistry awarded to 'power of evolution'

Nobel Prize in chemistry awarded to 'power of evolution'

"I was not smart enough to anticipate what would come out of this research I had a narrower view than I have now", Smith said.

But dropping oil prices and President Ronald Reagan destroyed that dream.

Arnold's research can be used for health-related applications as well as industrial. The academy plans to announce both the 2018 and the 2019 victor next year - although the head of the Nobel Foundation has said the body must fix its tarnished reputation first.

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences on Wednesday awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2018 to Frances H. Arnold of the United States and jointly to George P. Smith of the United States and Gregory P. Winter of Britain for their work to produce new enzymes and antibodies.

Dr. Wayne Marasco of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston said the lab technique developed by Smith and Winter was "revolutionary. and it's used today, every day". It's happenstance. That was certainly the case with my work. "Frances remains at the forefront of this expanding technology and is a shining example of how exciting innovations can emerge from research at the intersection of different fields".

"Frances H. Arnold was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in the United States in 1956 and she's now at the California Institute of Technology, Caltech, in Pasadena in the Los Angeles area". She graduated from Princeton University in 1979 with a B.S.E.in mechanical and aerospace engineering. She completed the entire curriculum in 12 months.

He added that he has "no idea" what he'll do with the prize money.

Blanch was working on biofuels during a period he refers to as "Biofuels 1.0", and after funding dropped to zero, he too moved on to other research.

Winter was one of the first to produce functional mammalian antibodies or part of them in bacteria. And that, in part, is because she is an engineer in how she thinks.

Wade pointed to the work of Dawn Shaughnessy, the American radiochemist who discovered five elements in the periodic table, who has yet to be formally honoured with a Nobel.

Her method of rewriting DNA to mimic evolution has helped solve problems such as replacing toxic chemicals like fossil fuels. In 1993, she showed the power of "directed evolution" for doing that. "So-called directed evolution is now used worldwide both in industry and academia".

The award was for chemistry, but the work has wide applications throughout biology and engineering.

We want to hear from you. In Arnold's experiments, these advantageous traits equate to mutated enzymes that exhibit high levels of efficiency and can replace strong solvents, heavy metals and corrosive acids in the production of pharmaceuticals, plastics and other chemicals.

Her approach, "directed evolution", mimics the same evolution that turned dinosaurs into birds, but it works much more quickly.

As a result, renewable resources like sugar cane are being converted into biofuels. "Antibodies as a pharmaceutical product are still growing great guns".

"That is not how insects are created at all", Smith said. I have to wrap my head around this.

"To me, it just wasn't worth the bother", she said.

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