Published: Fri, September 14, 2018
Sci-tech | By April Francis

California approves goal for 100 percent renewable energy by 2045

California approves goal for 100 percent renewable energy by 2045

Senate Bill 100 speeds up the state's timeline for moving to renewable energy sources like solar and wind, and requires that all retail electricity be generated from renewables by 2045.

Brown's signing came days before he hosts a gathering of local, worldwide and business leaders in San Francisco to highlight the urgency of addressing climate change.

Brown also says moving toward a regional electric grid is critical to California meeting its goals.

"This bill and the executive order put California on a path to meet the goals of Paris and beyond", Brown said in a statement.

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On June 1, 2017, President Donald Trump announced he planned to withdraw the United States from the Paris climate agreement.

Last year Mr Trump said he would pull the USA out of the deal and negotiate a new "fair" deal for U.S. businesses.

"A child born this week in California can count on reaching adulthood in a state free of smokestacks to create electricity", said Kathryn Phillips, director of Sierra Club California.

California's utilities had been on track to meet the previous goal, of 50 percent clean power by 2030, "but scientists debate whether cost-efficient 100 percent clean energy is feasible or if it would require new technological advances", Bradford wrote. It's working toward a goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 40 percent over the next 12 years.

The bill was backed by both democrats and republicans just days after a statewide report indicated that California is at high-risk for the effects of climate change. In a poll in July by the Public Policy Institute of California, a non-partisan research organization, 67 percent of likely voters said they favored the 100 percent clean energy measure, and 21 percent opposed it. California's most recent bill only states that electricity has to be zero-emissions, so theoretically the state might be able to adopt a full carbon-capture system on a natural gas plant, which is now being tested in Texas. California's production of crude oil has fallen steadily since the mid-1980s.

Utility and oil companies resisted the legislation, arguing that it would lead to electricity price hikes for consumers and have negligible impact on cutting Carbon dioxide emissions.

The measure was written by state Sen. Brown is also fighting the Trump Administration's effort to deny California's authority to set its own, more stringent auto-pollution standards. Jerry Brown signed a bill Monday that aims to eliminate fossil fuel use for electricity by 2045 and serves as a rebuke to USA withdrawal from the Paris climate accord. "While some are talking about climate solutions and green jobs, California leaders like Senator Kevin de León are making solutions real". "Planning needs to start now to allow a smooth transition to a 100% clean electricity system, avoiding stranded investments and driving better outcomes for families and businesses across California". Electricity is responsible for 16 percent of California's greenhouse gas emissions.

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